A study by the Institute for Population and Migration in Cyprus, states that the Greek Cypriots are almost a minority on the island and will definitely be a minority in the coming years.
According to the 2011 census, the Greek Cypriots are only 572,000, and on a downward trend. The president of the Institute for Population and Migration, Yiannakis Matsis, announcing the results of the study, described it as a "demographic disaster”. Great concern is also for the low birth rate among Greek Cypriots, an aging population and the increased immigration problem.
Penelope Christoforidou, economist and member of the Institute, said that "With a careful reading of the numbers it can be concluded that almost already in the Republic, Greek Cypriots (about 572,000) are in the minority, with everything that entails,".
Christoforidou added that "there should be designed and implemented a demographic and migration policy with targeted measures for the protection and preservation of our national identity and culture as well as safeguarding the population ratio in Cyprus."
The policy should aim to minimize the migration of Cypriot citizens, especially the youth, who given the economic crisis began to migrate to other countries to find work, while simultaneously reducing migration of non-Cypriots in Cyprus.
In Cyprus there are worrisome problems for Greek-Cypriots, including an aging population, immigration problems (both inflows and outflows), noting that "the parameters of the Cypriot population in the free areas from 1974 to 1990 had a population increase of 13.7%, while in the occupied areas, the population growth during the same period was 48.35%, due to the mass influx of settlers in 1975 and 1977."